2015 OSCE Human Dimension Implementation Meeting
Working Session 8 Rule of Law: Prevention of torture
Failure to provide adequate reparation to victims of torture in Tajikistan
The human rights groups jointly issuing this statement – Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights (Poland), International Partnership for Human Rights (Belgium), Norwegian Helsinki Committee — are concerned that the authorities of Tajikistan do not provide victims of torture or their families with access to adequate reparation, in contravention of the country’s obligations as a party to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.
In 2014, the families of Safarali Sangov and Bahromiddin Shodiev, who died in custody in 2010 and 2011 respectively, were the first known cases involving allegations of torture to have been awarded compensation for moral damages by courts in Tajikistan. These were positive steps but we are concerned that the compensation payments granted by civil courts in these and three subsequent cases involving allegations of torture were neither fair not adequate.
The parents of Nazomiddin Khomidov, who died in custody in suspicious circumstances in 2014, were granted an equivalent of around 710 EUR in July 2015. The families of the deceased Safarali Sangov and Bahromiddin Shodiev were awarded the equivalent of approximately 6,600 EUR and 2,015 EUR, respectively.
Shakhbol Mirzoev, who was tortured so severely in 2014 that he was left paralyzed, was granted an equivalent of approximately 2,900 EUR by a court in May 2015 as compensation for moral damages. On 6 August 2015, the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court cancelled this decision and Shakhbol Mirzoev’s case is currently pending with the Military Court of Dushanbe for a new review. Although the administration of the Border Guards of Tajikistan promised to cover all medical expenses, it only covered expenses incurred during his hospitalization at the National Medical Center in Tajikistan. In order to pay for all other medical expenses, Shakhbol’s family had to sell their house.
To our knowledge, other forms of reparation such as measures of satisfaction and guarantees of non-repetition have not been made available to victims in Tajikistan and legislation does not provide for such measures. Rehabilitation programmes are offered by NGOs, using their own financial resources.
An oral intervention during the session is available here.